We have already known that blockchain is one of the innovative technology in this modern era but the main reason behind the growth of blockchain in recent years is because of cryptocurrency and bitcoin - a huge buzzword. Blockchain technology has started stepping-up into every industry, likewise into the food supply chain industry also. The concept of blockchain is that it integrates ledger technology in its system to improve the efficiency and transparency of the supply chain.
Read More: What is Blockchain Technology?
With mutually beneficial outcomes and many advantages, blockchain holds a greater impact in the agrifood sector. Blockchain can track ownership records which help to solve critical problems like food frauds, supply chain inefficiency, and food traceability in the food ecosystem. In this article, we are going to look out the concerns and how blockchain technology could help to create a huge positive impact on the food supply chain industry.
As of now, the food industry is paralyzed with supply chain inability and fraud. Most of the issues affect the food industry due to the lack of trust and transparency within the supply chain network. The current food system has failed to meet up the transparency and assurance demanded by most of the customers. Have you ever heard about the high profile food fraudulent cases, such as the UK Horsemeat Scandal of 2002 and Salmonella peanut butter outbreak of 2009? Therefore the food safety and nutrition are completely linked, food frauds create a cruel disease and malnutrition.
The World Health Organization (WHO) says that some of the peoples in the world fall sick after eating contaminated food. As a result, foodborne diseases mainly affect the health of infants, young children, and the elder ones. Every year, the food industry has estimated more than the US $40 billion globally to avoid food frauds but it continues to rise each year among consumers and the industry.
In simple words, a Blockchain is a group of blocks that stores transactional details and ensures security, transparency. Blockchain technology is a decentralized concept and it doesn't require intermediates while performing transactions. The current food supply chain management system got stuck in the manual processes that wouldn't be able to identify the adulteration.
When you integrate the food supply chain on the blockchain, it accomplishes the entire process transparent and traceable. As the entire network such as farmers, wholesalers, retailers, shopkeepers brings together into the blockchain network, consumers can be assured of getting end-to-end traceability. Each entity that handles food can be represented as a node in the blockchain network, which can easily be track and also trace the source of food items.
Manual recordings and data verifications in the supply chain operations can be replaced with the IoT devices. IoT - Internet of Things to an extensive range of devices that serves as a way between the digital and physical world. Environmental, Biological and chemical-based sensors can be used to gather and transmit the real-time data of food products, as they move from one place of supplychain to another.
Read More: Why to Implement Blockchain in Supply Chain Management?
This kind of technology won't reduce human errors but also helps in increasing the overall efficiency. However, the data is stored and transmitted through the consensus protocols in a blockchain of the system, the chances of information getting ruined (or) any malware activities are eliminated.
Blockchain transmits accountability and traceability in the food supply chain to avoid chances of preventing food safety disasters. Global corporations, such as Nestle and Unilever utilized distributed ledger technology to develop a fully-transparent food supplychain network. For example, Walmart - the multinational retail corporation makes a separate blockchain network to achieve and enhance food traceability and transparency.
This corporation builds a Food trust solution that connects, distributors, farmers, and retailers through this network. Our customers get a more transparent supplychain. Frank Yiannas - Vice President of Food Safety, Walmart says, this is one of the best smart technology that will make benefits to our customers and all stakeholders. This technology helps the company to prevent contamination of food and also decreasing unnecessary waste.
Blockchain technology can distribute certain processes within the food industry which helps to maintain the highest food safety standards and quality. A blockchain is a beneficial tool for the food industry because it provides more visibility in the supplychain. Validating a product's journey in the supplychain by the way of blockchain transactions helps in validating products and creates a trust to the customers.
The main concept of blockchain technology is traceability, transparency and tamper resistance - which can change the food industry by creating trust between farmers, retailers, suppliers, and consumers. Apart from fraud prevention and transparency, blockchain also helps in assuring faster payments. This technology prevents price constraints and also avoids intermediaries in the supplychain, food producers can get significant economic benefits. The reduction of food waste is another important benefit of blockchain technology.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, one-third of the produced for human consumption every year. Approx 1.3 billion tons of food gets wasted. The wasted food on landfills can feed many families who are struggling with hunger. These kinds of issues also affect the economy and environmental sustainability. Blockchain technology adoption helps customers and suppliers in making better access in the supplychain operations. Blockchain technology provides better decision-making situations to business intelligence and also creates less waste.
Blockchain can determine the many problems and creates a positive impact on the food supplychain network. But, some of the limitations are there in the food sector for adopting the blockchain technology. Food ecosystem involving many peoples and many layers that stipulate efforts for blockchain adoption. All the entities who are all involved in the network have adopted this technology to achieve successful incorporation.
Moreover, customizing and executing a blockchain in scalable won't happen overnight, it requires more expenses and efforts. Most of the organizations are hesitant to adopt this kind of groundbreaking technology into their industry. Adopting blockchain can be the best approach in the food supplychain industry because it provides more visibility from the time of harvest to retail.
However, all the members along with this chain network have to follow the steps and enforce technological change. A global retail corporation such as Walmart and Nestle have incorporated this technology into their industry, we might see the supplychain organizations will get into the technology in the future.
Now you have to understand the impact and benefits of integrating blockchain technology in the food supplychain network. Are you looking forward to incorporating this eminent technology into your industry? Osiz Technologies is here for you. We are a prominent blockchain development company that helps to scale-up your business process more efficiently and also helps you to attain better results.
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